The 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda is a universal framework, integral and indivisible, to face the challenges of sustainable development. They have particular significance for the policies related to food systems.
Taking as reference the 2030 Agenda, the policies needed to strengthening food systems can be grouped in two large categories: a) production and sustainable consumption, and b) food security and social wellbeing.
The goals defined in the 2030 Agenda allow the identification of policies in the productive, social and environmental context that should lead to increase the competitiveness, sustainability and social inclusion within the food systems.
Summary of: 2030 Agenda
This chapter proposes a policymaking methodology aimed at strengthening the food system, which takes the 2030 Agenda as a frame of reference and relies on network analysis.
The analysis in this chapter allows for identifying two major policy areas. The first, sustainable production and consumption, encompasses production, processing and packaging, and consumption activities, the food security function and the SDG target of capacity-building (17.9). The second area, pertaining to food security and social well-being, encompasses the use of and access to food security, the social well-being function and the SDG target of hunger eradication (2.1).
The chapter highlights the importance of policy coordination and linkage between different sectors in order to strengthen the competitiveness, inclusion and sustainability of the food system, primarily between the agricultural sector and the financial and trade, health and education, water and energy, and environmental sectors. This coordination is important within the context of the 2030 Agenda and is particularly relevant for policies relating to food systems.
The targets recognized as priorities can be used to identify relevant policies on food and nutrition, increasing productivity, fostering sustainable production and consumption, promoting the production and consumption of renewable energy, production development, environmental management and climate change, market access, inclusion and social protection, recovery of agricultural and agroindustrial waste, and cooperation for development. The chapter also identifies monitoring challenges and highlights the importance of network analysis to support policymaking that is aligned with the 2030 Agenda.